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One-shot learning with triplet loss for vegetation classification tasks
A.V. Uzhinskiy 1,2, G.A. Ososkov 1, P.V. Goncharov 1, A.V. Nechaevskiy 1,2, A.A. Smetanin 3
1 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980, Russia, Dubna, Joliot-Curie 6,
2 Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy,
Russia, Moscow, Timiryazevskaya st., 49,
3 National Research University ITMO, 197101, Russia, Saint–Petersburg, Kronverkskiy pr., 49
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Язык статьи: English
Triplet loss function is one of the options that can significantly improve the accuracy of the One-shot Learning tasks. Starting from 2015, many projects use Siamese networks and this kind of loss for face recognition and object classification. In our research, we focused on two tasks related to vegetation. The first one is plant disease detection on 25 classes of five crops (grape, cotton, wheat, cucumbers, and corn). This task is motivated because harvest losses due to diseases is a serious problem for both large farming structures and rural families. The second task is the identification of moss species (5 classes). Mosses are natural bioaccumulators of pollutants; therefore, they are used in environmental monitoring programs. The identification of moss species is an important step in the sample preprocessing. In both tasks, we used self-collected image databases. We tried several deep learning architectures and approaches. Our Siamese network architecture with a triplet loss function and MobileNetV2 as a base network showed the most impressive results in both above-mentioned tasks. The average accuracy for plant disease detection amounted to over 97.8% and 97.6% for moss species classification.
deep neural networks; siamese networks; triplet loss; plant diseases detection; moss species classification.
A.V.U. and A.V.N. gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation in accordance with agreement No 075-15-2020-905 dated November 16, 2020 on providing a grant in the form of subsidies from the Federal budget of Russian Federation. The grant was provided for state support for the creation and development of a World-class Scientific Center "Agrotechnologies for the Future". The database creation part of the reported study was funded by RFBR according to the research project No 18-07-00829.
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